A R C H T C 1 0 2 / 1 0 2 ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM ä»£å†™
S c h o o l o f A r c h i t e c t u r e a n d P l a n n i n gMODERN ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISMA R C H T C 1 0 2 / 1 0 2 G S e m e s t e r 2 2 0 1 7Dr Farzaneh HaghighiAssignment 3: Exploring One Principle of Modern Architectureâ€¢ Weight: %25â€¢ Word Count: 1500 words maximum (excluding the principle being quoted)â€¢ Submission date: Friday 06.10.2017, 16:00 pmâ€¢ Hardcopy submission: Level 6 Assignment Box, Building 421 (Architecture Building), 26 SymondsStreet.â€¢ Electronic copy submission: Directly in CanvasOBJECTIVESThe objectives of this assignment are to develop:â€¢ Your skills in identifying key theories describing the modern architecture in architectural hisotryâ€¢ Your understanding of the transformations influencing the emergence of modern architectureâ€¢ Your skills in clear, effective written communication, employing recognised academic andprofessional conventions.â€¢ Your skills in citing and referencing the resources correctly following academic and professionalconventionsâ€¢ Your skills in visual analysisâ€¢ Your ability to identify scholarly researchCONTENTFor this essay, you are asked to:â€¢ Select one principle of â€˜Modern Architectureâ€™ described by an architectural historian/theorist including:Kenneth Frampton, Anthony Vidler, Alan Colquhoun, Sigfried Giedion, Reyner Banham, William Curtis orManfredo Tafuri.â€¢ This principle can be a definition or a description or a feature of Modern Architecture.â€¢ This principle clearly points to a key characteristic of modern architecture.â€¢ Explain this principle of â€˜Modern Architectureâ€™ in your own words.â€¢ Select a building (from the list provided at the end of this document) and explore how this principle allows usto locate the building within the history of modern architecture.GUIDELINES FOR THE ESSAYâ€¢ Start the essay with the principle (definition/description/ feature of Modern Architecture) at the beginning.Write it as a quotation and include the reference. This principle should be clear, simple and concise. Itshould point to an underlying feature of modern architecture.â€¢ To find a principle of modern architecture you need to spend a considerable time going through differenttexts, so make sure you are planning in advance to find a proper definition/description. This is a veryimportant step in the structure of the essay.â€¢ Choose a different building from that which you wrote about in Assignment 1.â€¢ The essay should include the basic introduction of the building, similar to the information you gatheredin assignment one. For instance, name, location, date and architect of the building.â€¢ The essay should elaborate upon a key aspect of the building which resonates with the principle of modernarchitecture. For instance, if the quote points to the â€˜universal rational perfectionâ€™ orâ€˜radicalismâ€™ or â€˜struggle for progressâ€™ as the key features of modern architecture or modern movement, thenyou need to analyse how your selected building expresses progress or quests forrational perfection.â€¢ Explore the relation between the principle youâ€™ve selected and a building by considering some ofbelow points:ïƒ¼ Architectâ€™s ideas in exploring the design of the buildingïƒ¼ The building influence on other architects and the design of other buildingsïƒ¼ The importance of the building within the history and development of modern architectureïƒ¼ Socio-political, cultural, economic, technological and ideological settings in which thebuilding emergedïƒ¼ Architectural institutions of the timeïƒ¼ The reasons why this building has been classified as modernïƒ¼ The scale of the projectïƒ¼ Conflicting opinions and ideas against which the architecture emergedïƒ¼ Formal and structural innovation and their appropriations into their present timeâ€¢ This assignment is an essay and it needs an introduction, a body and a conclusion.â€¢ Overall, the essay should be able to analyse why the selected architecture is considered as a modernbuilding/structure.ASSESSMENTThis assignment is worth 25% of the marks for this course. Assessment criteria are:â€¢ The extent to which the quotation indicates key features of modern architectureâ€¢ The extent to which the essay describes the ways through which the selected building can be classifiedas a modern buildingâ€¢ The extent to which the assignment is well written, and written in your own words and with a clearintroduction and conclusionâ€¢ The extent to which the assignment is fully referenced, in accordance with established academicconventionsâ€¢ The extent to which images have been used to portray the building and support the argumentâ€¢ The extent to which scholarly resources are usedREFRENCEAcknowledgement of sources is an important aspect of academic writing. The Universityâ€™s ReferenÂ©ite websitewww.cite.auckland.ac.nz provides students with a one-stop online resource for academic referencing needs.ReferenÂ©ite explains the essentials of referencing and how to avoid plagiarism. It also includes practical tools to helpstudents reference correctly and use references effectively in writing, andpresents examples of the various different referencing formats.SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTSâ€¢ This is an individual assignment. Students who work together on the same buildings and submit similar workwill be marked down. Given this, be sure to choose different buildings from those your friends are writingabout.â€¢ Essay must be written on a computer.â€¢ A4 format, portrait, with simple top left staple (i.e. no spiral binding; no plastic sleeve);â€¢ Essay must employ footnotes and include a bibliography, both formatted according to the Chicagoreferencing style.â€¢ Total word length, excluding principle quotation, captions, footnotes and bibliography: 1500 words.â€¢ Give the word count at the end of your essay.â€¢ Illustrate your essay with relevant images, including plans, sections and/or photographs. Splice yourimages into your text, i.e. do not present them as an appendix. Every image must have a captionimmediately under it or just to one side of it. The caption should say what the image is of (briefly), andshould then identify the source for the image using the footnote format for short citations, i.e. authorâ€™ssurname, short title and page number if you take it from a book or journal. Include the full reference in yourbibliography.â€¢ Full documentation (footnotes, bibliography and sources of illustrations) is essential. If your writingis unreferenced, you will not pass.â€¢ Give consideration to how the final assignment looks like, that is the photographs are places beautifullywithin the text and the captions are placed in an appropriate place with a readable font- size.â€¢ Plagiarism will lead to failure â€“ use your own words, except when using direct quotations.â€¢ Read through and edit your essay several times before submission. You might read it out loud for yourselfor ask a friend to read it for you. This will help with editing.â€¢ You are required to submit both a hardcopy (paper copy) of your assignment and an electronic copy.The deadline for hard-copy and electronic copy is the same.â€¢ Attach a School of Architecture and Planning Assignment Cover Sheet to the hardcopy. Before yousubmit, you must fill out the Cover Sheet and sign it.â€¢ Submit your electronic copy directly in Canvas.â€¢ Upload you assignment only as a Word File (doc).â€¢ You cannot submit multiple file uploads. Make sure the files being uploaded is the correct version.â€¢ You cannot resubmit your assignment or submit the assignment past the due date.â€¢ Watch this video on how to submit on Canvas: https://community.canvaslms.com/videos/1121BOOKS ON SHORT LOANThe following have been put on Short Loan for this assignment:â€¢ Banham, Reyner. Guide to Modern Architecture. London: Architectural Press, 1967, c1962.â€¢ Banham, Reyner. Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press,1980, c1960.â€¢ Benevolo, Leonardo. History of Modern Architecture. 2 vols. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul,1971.â€¢ Colquhoun, Alan. Modern Architecture. Oxford History of Art Series. Oxford: Oxford UniversityPress, 2002.â€¢ Colquhoun, Alan. Modernity and the Classical Tradition: Architectural Essays, 1980-1987.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991, c1989.â€¢ Curtis, William J. R. Modern Architecture since 1900. 3 rd ed. London: Phaidon, 1996, c1982.â€¢ Conrads, Ulrich. Programmes and Manifestoes on 20th-century Architecture. London: LundHumphries, 1989, c1970.â€¢ Frampton, Kenneth. The Evolution of 20th Century Architecture: A Synoptic Account. Wien: Springer;China Architecture & Building Press, 2007.â€¢ Frampton, Kenneth. Cava, John, and Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the FineArts. Studies in Tectonic Culture: The Poetics of Construction in Nineteenth and Twentieth CenturyArchitecture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1995.â€¢ Giedion, Sigfried. Space, Time and Architecture: The Growth of a New Tradition. 5th ed.Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2008, c1967.â€¢ Kwinter, Sanford. Architectures of Time: Toward a Theory of the Event in Modernist Culture.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.â€¢ Tafuri, Manfredo and Francesco Dal Co. Modern Architecture. 2 vols. New York : Electra/Rizzoli,1986.â€¢ Tafuri, Manfredo. Theories and History of Architecture. London: Granada, 1980.â€¢ Vidler, Anthony. Histories of the Immediate Present: Inventing Architectural Modernism. WritingArchitecture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008.â€¢ Vidler, Anthony. Warped Space: Art, Architecture, and Anxiety in Modern Culture. Cambridge, Mass.:MIT Press, 2000.â€¢ Vidler, Anthony. The Architectural Uncanny: Essays in the Modern Unhomely. Cambridge, Mass.:MIT Press, 1992.Note:Your mark for your essay will not be credited to your mark for the course until the electronic copy has been received inCanvas. If Farzaneh has to chase you up and prompt you to submit your electronic copy, you will lose 5% from youressay mark.D- (0-39) D (40-44) D+ (45-49) C- (50-54) C (55-59) C+ (60-64)B- (65-69) B (70-74) B+ (75-79) A- (80-84) A (85-89) A+ (90-100)S c h o o l o f A r c h i t e c t u r e a n d P l a n n i n gMODERN ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISMA R C H T C 1 0 2 / 1 0 2 G S e m e s t e r 2 2 0 1 7Dr Farzaneh Haghighi Student name:Assessment Sheet for Assignment 2: Exploring One Principle of Modern ArchitectureReceived in Canvas? No, so mark for essay notcredited to mark for courseYes, but needed chasing upso -5% from essay markYes, submitted on time so nomarks deductedReceived in Canvas? No, so mark for essay notcredited to mark for courseYes, but needed chasing upso -5% from essay markYes, submitted on time so nomarks deductedInadequate Adequate Good to v. good ExcellentCriteria D- to D C- to C+ B- to B+ A- to A+1. QuotationThe extent to which thequotation indicates keyfeatures of modernarchitecture:The quote and itsinterpretation do notaddress the topicadequately.Some consideration hasbeen given to selectionof the quote and itsexplanation.Good to very goodconsideration has beengiven to most aspects ofthe essay topic.Full, complete and detailedconsideration has beengiven to identify andinterpret the quotation.2. ArgumentThe extent to which theessay describes the waysthrough which the selectedbuilding can be classifiedas a modern building:More consideration
A R C H T C 1 0 2 / 1 0 2 ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM ä»£å†™needs to be given toformulating anargument inresponse to theessay topic.Some effort has beenmade to formulate anargument in response tothe essay topic.An argument hasclearly been made inresponse to the essaytopic.An intelligent and convincingargument has been made inresponse to the essay topic.3. WritingThe extent to which theassignment is well written,and written in your ownwords and with a clearintroduction andconclusion:English needs morework; clarity ofcommunication isvariable. This essaylacks a logicalstructure. Theintroduction does notexplain the essayâ€™sscope or structureand the conclusionis inadequate inreflecting upon theessay findings.English is fair andcontent generally clear.Introduction, thematicstructure and conclusionare all apparent.English is good andcontent clearlyexpressed. A consideredintroduction, a clearthematic essaystructure, and someeffort made withconclusion.English is excellent andcontent very clearlyexpressed. Well-consideredintroduction, clear thematicessay structure, and strongconclusion that makes clearreference back to theintroduction and elaboratesupon the essay findings.4. VisualThe extent to which imageshave been used to portraythe building and supportthe argument:Images have notbeen used tosupport theargument. Morecare is needed whenwriting captions andproviding sources foreach image.A reasonable number ofuseful images havebeen used. Some efforthas been made toprovide captions andsources for each image.A good range of usefulimages has been used.Images are sharp,located to support thepoints being made in thetext, and supported bycaptions and sources.An excellent range of usefulimages. All images aresharp, carefully placed tosupport the points beingmade in the text, with usefulcaptions and full sources.5. ReferenceThe extent to which theassignment is fullyreferenced, in accordancewith established academicconventions:Referencing(footnoting and/orbibliography) isincomplete andlargely incorrect inform.Referencing has beenattempted but is notcorrect in formattingand/or you need morefootnotes.Referencing is mostlycomplete and a goodattempt has been madeto follow the Chicagoreferencing system.Referencing is complete andan excellent effort has beenmade to follow the Chicagoreferencing system correctly.6. ResourcesThe extent to whichscholarly resources areused:The information isbased on irrelevant,unimportant andnon-reliablesources.Some effort has beenmade to use areasonable number ofrelevant scholarlyreferences.A good range of reliable,scholarly relevantsources have beenused.An excellent range ofacademic resources, peer-reviewed journals, books,book chapters, well-knownarchitectural periodicalshave been used.In addition, if any of the following standard comments are circled, then they also apply to your essay.Ifnone are circled, then you can assume that none of the comments are applicable to your essay:1. This essay is too short (less than 900 words).2. This essay is too long (more than 1050 words).3. More care is needed with proof-reading and editing your text.4. You need to make better use of the University of Aucklandâ€™s guide to using the Chicagoreferencing system for formatting footnotes and bibliographies. See www.cite.auckland.ac.nz .5. When footnoting, you need to include the full citation the first time you footnote any one particularsource and then to use the abridged citation for subsequent references to the same source. Seewww.cite.auckland.ac.nz .6. Too much reliance on quotes. Try to demonstrate your understanding of the source material by re-phrasing in your own words.7. This essay is largely descriptive rather than analytical.8. The essay needs an introduction that explains the scope of the essay, the topic being pursued andthe questions being asked of the material. It is often very appropriate to include a statement aboutthe main essay findings, along the lines of: â€˜This essay shows that . . . .â€™9. The structure of this essay is not very clear. You might try using a sentence in your introduction toexplain the structure to the reader, or try using sub-headings to clarify the structure.10. The essay needs a stronger conclusion. Try to reiterate the essay findings and also to elaborateupon the importance of your essay findings.11. More care is needed with image captions and sources. Every image needs a caption saying whatthe image shows and where you got it from, i.e. its source.12. PLAGIARISM WARNING: Your Turnitin report shows that you are not always using quotationmarks to identify direct quotes. You must ALWAYS either use quotation marks for direct quotes, orreword into your own words.13. More care is needed with placing images and captions in relation to the body of the assignment.Other comments specific to your essay:A R C H T C 1 0 2 / 1 0 2 ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM ä»£å†™
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