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Develop a 2-4-page scholarly paper in which you describe a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diag

Develop a 2-4-page scholarly paper in which you describe a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diagnosis, and then identify and analyze credible evidence that could be used as the basis for applying EBP to the issue.
The goal of using evidence-based research findings is to enhance safety and quality of patient care and ensure optimal outcomes are achieved. It is not uncommon to hear a nurse say, “why change it as we’ve always done it this way.” However, this is no longer acceptable in today’s practice environment. The profession of nursing has evolved, and the expectation is that the professional nurse has a scientific foundation to support the care that is provided. As the profession of nursing continues to evolve and engage in health care transformation, baccalaureate-prepared nurses are expanding taking on leadership roles that include incorporating EBPs. To be able to do this, the nurse needs to understand the criteria and makes a resource credible, as this is crucial when deciding if the research is valid and reliable for implementation into health care settings.
It would be an excellent choice to complete the Vila Health Determining the Credibility of Evidence activity prior to developing the report. The activity is a media simulation that offers an opportunity to review a scenario and work on determining the credibility of presented evidence. These skills will be necessary to complete Assessment 2 successfully. This media simulation is one potential source of context on which to base your assessment submission. This will take just a few minutes of your time and is not graded.
Demonstration of Proficiency
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:
Competency 2: Analyze the relevance and potential effectiveness of evidence when making a decision.
Explain criteria that should be considered when determining credibility of resources such as journal articles and websites.
Analyze the credibility and relevance of evidence and resources within the context of a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diagnosis.
Competency 3: Apply an evidence-based practice model to address a practice issue.
Explain the importance of incorporating credible evidence into an EBP model used to address a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diagnosis.
Competency 4: Plan care based on the best available evidence.
Describe a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diagnosis, that could benefit from an evidence-based approach.
Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly communication strategies to lead practice changes based on evidence.
Communicate using writing that is clear, logical, and professional with correct grammar and spelling using current APA style.
Professional Context
As a baccalaureate-prepared nurse, you will be responsible for locating and identifying credible and scholarly resources to incorporate the best available evidence for the purposes of enhancing clinical reasoning and judgement skills. When reliable and relevant evidence-based findings are utilized, patients, health care systems, and nursing practice outcomes are positively impacted.
For this assessment, you may choose from the following options as the context for the quality or safety issue or chosen diagnosis for researching and completing this assessment:
The specific diagnosis you identified in your previous assessment.
The simulation Vila Health: Determining the Credibility of Evidence.
A personal practice experience in which a sentinel event occurred.
The purpose of this analysis is to better understand what constitutes credibility of journal articles as well as websites. The role of the baccalaureate-prepared nurse in incorporating evidence-based research continues to growth in clinical practice. As quality improvement (QI) measures to reduce safety risks continue to be emphasized, the need for evidence-based models and evidence-based templates is growing. This type of systematic approach to incorporating evidence-based findings allows nurses to make clinical and operational decisions based upon the best available evidence. When the most up-to-date evidence-based findings are utilized, patient-centered care improves outcomes and enhances the patient experience.
For this assessment:
Explain the criteria that should be used when determining the credibility of journal articles as well as websites.
Support your explanations with references to the literature or research articles that describe criteria that should be used to determine credibility.
Your identification and determination of credibility should be done within the context of your chosen scenario for this assessment. For example, if you choose to use the provided Vila Health scenario, your initial identification of resources should be of resources that will best help address the presented issue. However, if you are locating resources to help provide evidence-based care for the diagnosis you identified in the first assessment, you may want to begin your literature and evidence search from the databases that identified. Any of the three scenario options are acceptable. So, pick the one that most interests you.
Be sure to address the following in this assessment, which correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. Please study the scoring guide carefully so that you will know what is needed for a distinguished score.
Describe a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diagnosis, that could benefit from an evidence-based approach.
Explain criteria that should be considered when determining credibility of resources such as journal articles and websites.
Analyze the credibility and relevance of evidence and resources within the context of a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diagnosis.
This is where you are selecting the specific resources to help address the issue in your chosen scenario.
Explain the importance of incorporating credible evidence into an EBP model used to address a quality or safety issue, or a chosen diagnosis.
Selecting a model for evidence-based practice changes. [PDF] and Evidence-Based Practice Models help explain the various evidence-based nursing models.
Communicate using writing that is clear, logical, and professional with correct grammar and spelling using current APA style.
Submission Requirements
Your assessment should meet the following requirements:
Length of submission: 2–4-page scholarly paper, this does not include the APA-formatted title page and reference list.
Number of references: Cite 3–5 sources of scholarly or professional evidence that support your findings and considerations. Resources should be no more than five years old.
APA formatting: References and citations are formatted according to current APA style.
Portfolio Prompt: Remember to save the final assessment to your ePortfolio so that you may refer to it as you complete the final capstone course.
Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing
Foundations, Skills, and Roles
Search within this book
Part I: Conceptual Foundations of Evidence-Based Practice
Chapter 1: Nursing’s Commitment to Best Clinical Decisions Free
Chapter 2: Using Evidence to Inform and Reform Clinical Practice
Chapter 3: Integrating Best Evidence Into Practice
Chapter 4: Setting the Boundaries for Nursing Evidence
Chapter 5: Using Nursing Phenomena to Explore Evidence
Part II: Designing and Implementing Evidence-Based Practice Projects
Chapter 6: Evidence-Based Practice: Success of Practice Change Depends on the Question
Chapter 7: Change Theories: The Key to Knowledge Translation
Chapter 8: How to Read and Assess for Quality of Research
Chapter 9: Clinical Practice Guidelines
Chapter 10: Identifying Significant Evidence-Based Practice Problems Within Complex Health Environments
Chapter 11: Organizing an Evidence-Based Practice Implementation Plan
Part III: Science-Based Decisions and Evidence-Based Practice
Chapter 12: Translational Research
Chapter 13: Translational Science: Bridging the Gap Between Science and Application
Chapter 14: Quality Improvement Processes and Evidence-Based Practice
Part IV: Evidence-Based Practice: Empowering Nurses
Chapter 15: Evidence-Based Practice: A Culture of Organizational Empowerment
Chapter 16: Nursing Leadership: The Fulcrum of Evidence-Based Practice Culture
Chapter 17: A Prosperous Evidence-Based Culture: Nourishing Resources
Chapter 18: Advancing Evidence-Based Practice Through Mentoring and Interprofessional Collaboration
Chapter 19: Evidence-Based Practice: Sequential Layering of BSN, MSN, and DNP Competencies and Opportunities
Chapter 20: Evidence-Based Practice: Empowering Nurses
Appendix: Evidence-Based Practice Models
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Appendix: Evidence-Based Practice Models
Nurses and other healthcare professionals have developed several evidence-based practice (EBP) models that aid in the implementation of EBP. These models serve as organizing guides that integrate the most current research to create best patient care practices. In addition to helping nurses integrate credible evidence into practice, EBP models help assure complete implementation of EBP projects and optimize the use of nurses’ time and healthcare resources. No single EBP model can meet the needs of every organization and every patient situation. Therefore, we are providing model definitions, essential steps, salient points, and information resources for the models to help readers identify the EBP model that best fits their current, specific EBP needs.
Model Definition Essential Steps Salient Points to Consider
Iowa Model of EBP (Titler et al., 2001). The Iowa Model focuses on the entire healthcare system (e.g., patient, practitioner, infrastructure) to implement and guide practice decisions based on best available research and evidence.
Identify either a “problem-focused trigger” or “knowledge-focused trigger” that will generate the need for a practice change.
Determine whether the “trigger” is a healthcare organization priority.
Reflect a team’s topic of interest and include interested stakeholders. The team will search, appraise, and synthesize literature related to the topic.
Evaluate the availability and merit (e.g., level of evidence, quality of evidence) of evidence. If evidence availability and merit are lacking, conduct research.
If credible and reliable evidence is available, pilot the practice change.
Appraise pilot for level of success. If pilot is successful, disseminate findings within the organization and implement recommended change into practice.
Recommended for use at organizational systems level
Uses pragmatic problem-solving approach to EBP implementation
Detailed flowchart (see Chapter 11) guides decision-making process
Clearly identified decision points and feedback loops throughout the model
Emphasizes necessity of pilot project before initiating system-wide project
Designed for interprofessional collaboration
Has sustained test of time
Stetler Model (Ciliska et al., 2011; Stetler, 2001). The Stetler Model enables practitioners to assess how research findings and other pertinent evidence are implemented in clinical practice. The model examines how to use evidence to create change that fosters patient-centered care. Steps in this model are referred to as phases.
Phase I. Preparation: Identify a priority need. Identify the purpose of the EBP project, context in which the project will occur, and relevant sources of evidence.
Phase II. Validation: Assess sources of evidence for level and overall quality. Determine whether source has merit and goodness of fit and whether to accept or reject the evidence in relation to project purpose.
Phase III. Comparative Evaluation/Decision Making: Evidence findings are logically summarized and similarities and differences among sources of evidence are evaluated. Determine whether it is acceptable and feasible to apply summation of findings to practice.
Phase IV. Translation/Application: Develop the “how to’s” for implementation of summarized findings. Identify practice implications that justify application of findings for change.
Phase V. Evaluation: Identify expected outcomes of the project and determine whether the goals of EBP were successfully achieved.
Designed to encourage critical thinking about the integration of research findings
Promotes use of best evidence as an ongoing practice
Helps lessen errors in critical decision-making activity
Allows for categorization of evidence as external (e.g., research) or internal (e.g., organization outcome data)
Emphasizes use by single practitioner but may include groups of practitioners or other stakeholders
Ottawa Model of Research Use (Graham & Logan, 2004 Graham et al., 2006). The Ottawa Model is an interactive model that depicts research as a dynamic process of interconnected decisions made and actions taken by stakeholders. The model is composed of three phases: (a) Assess barriers and supports. (b) Monitor intervention and extent of use. (c) Evaluate outcomes. Subsumed under the three phases are six designated primary elements that must be considered when integrating research into practice:
Assess barriers and supports:
Evidence-based innovation: Clearly identify what the innovation is and what the implementation will involve.
Potential adopters: Identify potential adopters with characteristics that could influence the adoption of the innovation (see Rogers’ Change Theory in Chapter 7).
The practice environment: Identify leaders, formal and informal, who can inspire change. Assess environment for needed resources.
Monitor intervention and extent of use:
Implementation of intervention strategies: Select appropriate strategies to increase awareness of implementation and provide necessary education and training for conducting the implementation.
Adoption of innovation: Determine the extent of adoption of implementation.
Evaluate outcomes:
Evaluate the impact of innovation on patients, practitioners, stakeholders, and healthcare organization.
Patients are central to the model’s process and their health outcomes are the primary focus.
The model focuses on the unit-level environment instead of the entire healthcare organization.
The prescriptive aim of the model is to assess, monitor, and evaluate.
Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARiHS) Framework (Rycroft-Malone, 2004). The PARiHS Framework provides a method to implement research into practice by exploring the interactions among three key elements: (a) evidence, (b) context, and (c) facilitation.
Evidence: Search for and identify the best available evidence from research, clinician experience, patient values, organization data, and information.
Context: This is the local environment where the practice change will occur. Adoption of practice change is dependent on contextual features such as organizational culture and level of acceptance, leadership investment, and evaluation of desired outcomes.
Facilitation: Organizational participants use their knowledge and skills to foster implementation of practice change.
Explicitly uses facilitation as a factor impacting integration of research findings into practice
Does not address generation of new knowledge
Focus is on unit settings more than system-wide environment
Codified (e.g., research data) and noncodified (e.g., practitioner experience) sources of evidence used
ACE (Academic Center for Evidence-Based Practice) Star Model of Knowledge Transformation© (Kring, 2008; Stevens, 2004). As a framework, the ACE Star Model aids in systematically integrating best evidence into practice. The model has five major stages that depict forms of knowledge in relative sequence. Research moves through the cycles to combine with other forms of knowledge before integration into practice occurs. Five Stages:
Discovery: This stage involves searching for new knowledge found in traditional quantitative and qualitative methodologies.
Evidence Summary: The primary task is to synthesize the body of research knowledge into a meaningful statement of evidence for a given topic. This is a knowledge-generating stage, which occurs simultaneously with new findings that may arise from the synthesis.
Translation: The aim of translation is to provide clinicians with a practice document (e.g., clinical practice guideline) derived from the synthesis and summation of research findings.
Integration: Practitioner and healthcare organization practices are changed through formal and informal channels.
Evaluation: An array of EBP outcomes are evaluated on impact, quality, and satisfaction.
Focus on promoting use of EBP for direct care nurses
Includes use of qualitative evidence
Primary goal of model is knowledge transformation
Does not incorporate nonresearch evidence (patient values, practitioner’s experience)
Identifies factors that impact adoption of innovation
Advancing Research and Clinical Practice Through Close Collaboration (ARCC) (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015).
Assess the healthcare organization for readiness for change and implantation of EBP project.
Identify potential and actual barriers to and facilitators of EBP project.
Identify EBP champions to work with direct care nurses or specific clinical units.
Implement evidence into practice.
Evaluate EBP outcomes.
Promotes use of EBP among advanced practice nurses and direct care nurses
Identifies a network of stakeholders who are supportive of the EBP project
Cognitive behavioral theory underpinnings
Emphasis on healthcare organizational readiness and identification of facilities and barriers
Encompasses research, patient values, and clinical expertise as evidence.
Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model (JHNEBP) (Newhouse, Dearholt, Poe, Pugh, & White, 2007). The JHNEBP Model applies a problem-solving approach to clinical decision making. The model is designed to meet the EBP needs of direct care nurses using an uncomplicated three-step process referred to as PET: (a) Practice Question, (b) Evidence, and (c) Translation.
Practice Question: Using a team approach, the EBP question is identified.
Evidence: The team searches, appraises, rates the strength of evidence, describes quality of evidence, and makes a practice recommendation on the strength of evidence.
Translation: In this stage, feasibility is determined, an action plan is created, and change is implemented and evaluated. Findings are presented to the healthcare organization and broader nursing community.
Emphasizes individual use
Well-developed tool kit that provides nurses with guide for question development, evidence-rating scale, and appraisal guide for various forms of evidence
Knowledge-to-Action (KTA) Process Framework (Graham et al., 2006). The KTA is a model of knowledge creation and knowledge integration. Phases:
Identify problems that need to be addressed and begin searching for evidence and research about the identified problem.
Adapt the knowledge use to a local context.
Identify barriers to use of knowledge.
Select, adapt, and implement interventions.
Monitor the use of implanted knowledge.
Evaluate outcomes related to knowledge use.
Sustain appropriate knowledge use.
Adapts well for use with individuals, teams, and healthcare organizations
Is grounded in planned action theory, which makes the model adaptable to a variety of settings
Breaks knowledge-to-action process into manageable sections.
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