â€¢ Question 1
Why did Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx believe capitalism should be eliminated?
â€¢ Question 2
Why were Timothy Oâ€™Sullivanâ€™s and Alexander Gardenerâ€™s photographs of the Gettysburg battlefield so disturbing?
â€¢ Question 3
In Katsushika Hokusaiâ€™s The Great Wave, what does the distant Mount Fuji represent?
â€¢ Question 4
How did the East India Company recoup the money it spent buying Chinese products for import?
â€¢ Question 5
By how much did Haussmannâ€™s plan increase land dedicated to public parks in Paris?
â€¢ Question 6
Why did the Parisian workers revolt in June 1848?
â€¢ Question 7
Why did the United States outlaw Chinese immigration in 1882 with the Chinese Exclusion Act?
â€¢ Question 8
On what values was nationalism based?
â€¢ Question 9
Why did Haussmannâ€™s redesign cause the working class to move outside the city?
â€¢ Question 10
Why did the Japanese nishiki-e calendar painters have to disguise the symbols for months in their works?
â€¢ Question 11
Why did Charles Baudelaire speak so disparagingly of George Sand?
â€¢ Question 12
Why in part did Manetâ€™s Le DÃ©jeuner sur lâ€™herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) disturb its viewers?
â€¢ Question 13
In Rigoletto, how does Giuseppe Verdi show his charactersâ€™ contrasting emotions?
â€¢ Question 14
Why did the Jockey Club demand that French opera have a second-act ballet?
â€¢ Question 15
Why did Wagner design the orchestra to be underneath the stage of the Bayreuth Festspielhaus?
â€¢ Question 16
How did Verdi have to change his operas so they would be produced in Paris?
â€¢ Question 17
Who is the first person to call himself an â€œanarchistâ€?
â€¢ Question 18
For what was Charles Baudelaireâ€™s poetry criticized?
â€¢ Question 19
How did George Sand challenge sexual stereotypes?
â€¢ Question 20
What does the black cat at the end of Olympiaâ€™s bed symbolize?
â€¢ Question 21
Why was Degas attracted to the soft effects of pastel chalks?
â€¢ Question 22
Why did nineteenth-century Russian collectors favor French and German works over Russian art?
â€¢ Question 23
Why are the young girls in Degasâ€™s Dance Class in a moment of great stress?
â€¢ Question 24
How did William Morris and Company discriminate against women?
â€¢ Question 25
How did Tchaikovsky raise ballet music to a new level?
â€¢ Question 26
Why did the 13 Russian artists known as the Travelers show their paintings across the country instead of in an urban gallery?
â€¢ Question 27
As stated in the chapterâ€™s â€œContinuity and Changeâ€ section, why were nineteenth-century Americans so attracted to French culture?
â€¢ Question 28
Why did Camille Pissaro paint Red Roofs with the complementary colors red and green and orange and blue set side by side?
â€¢ Question 29
Why can Renoirâ€™s Luncheon of the Boating Party be viewed as a response to Ã‰mile Zolaâ€™s challenge for the Impressionists to create more complex paintings?
â€¢ Question 30
In Berthe Morisotâ€™s Summerâ€™s Day, why is one womanâ€™s dress with zigzags while the other is a patchwork of straight strokes?
â€¢ Question 31
How did Jane McCrea become a symbol of Native American and white relations?
â€¢ Question 32
According to architect Louis H. Sullivan, what determined a buildingâ€™s identity?
â€¢ Question 33
Why did suffragette Lillie Devereux Blake declare the Statue of Liberty to be an oxymoron?
â€¢ Question 34
Why was ragtime music poorly received by many Americans?
â€¢ Question 35
Why did the Lakota and the Kiowa tribes keep a â€œwinter countâ€?
â€¢ Question 36
Why did John Ruskin criticize James Whistlerâ€™s Impressionistic Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket?
â€¢ Question 37
Which earlier artist seems to have influenced Eakins in The Gross Clinic and The Agnew Clinic?
â€¢ Question 38
In The Life Line, how does Winslow Homer present the female?
â€¢ Question 39
What was the title of the preparatory sketch for George Bellowsâ€™ Cliff Dwellers?
â€¢ Question 40
Why did the U.S. Congress select Chicago to host the 1893 Columbian Exposition?